Sam Alberti is keeper of science and technology at National Museums Scotland in Edinburgh and honorary professor in the Centre for Environment, Heritage and Policy at the University of Stirling. He trained in the history of science and medicine. After teaching at the University of Manchester he was director of museums and archives at the Royal College of Surgeons of England (which includes the Hunterian Museum). His books include Nature and Culture: Objects, Disciplines and the Manchester Museum (Manchester University Press, 2009) and Morbid Curiosities: Medical Museums in Nineteenth-Century Britain (Oxford University Press, 2011). With colleagues in National Museums Scotland, Sam is undertaking a practical and theoretical evaluation of the challenges and opportunities involved in collecting contemporary science, technology, and medicine. This work deals with the very core of the identity and function of museums.