Anti-fascist art, Philadelphia Communist rally, Communist propaganda

While Gold claimed to be disgusted by the Communists he encountered, he was seduced by their anti-fascist stance, by false assertions of ethnic equality in the Soviet Union, and by the idea of improving the lives of everyday Russians with the technological know-how he was pilfering. Clockwise from the top left, May 1935 cover of Der Hammer, a Yiddish-language Communist magazine published in New York, illustration by William Gropper. Communist demonstration in Philadelphia, 1935. A 1920 Russian Communist Party poster celebrating May Day.

Eric Chaim Kline Bookseller, William Gropper Collection; Sueddeutsche Zeitung Photo/Alamy Stock Photo; Wikimedia Commons